It is very important that you are aware of your blood values.
General directives are stipulated in the tables included. Your diet plays an important role in controlling your blood values.
With your full cooperation, together with the medical treatment, you can enjoy a high-quality life.
|Element||Normal Level||Dialysis Level||Causes of Abnormal Levels||Signs and Symptoms|
|Urea||2.5 – 7.5 mmol/L||14 – 30 mmol/L||High: High protein diet, Low blood flow, Wrong size dialyzer||Tiredness Nausea, Itchiness Insomnia / Sleeplessness|
|Calcium||2.1 – 2.55 mmol/L||2.1 – 2.55 mmol/L||Low: High intake of food with phosphate binder
High: Medication, removal of the thyroid gland
|Low: Muscular spasms, depression, loss of hair, cataracts
High: Muscular weakness, tiredness, cramps, loss of appetite
|Chloride||96 – 112 mmol/L||96 – 112 mmol/L||Avoid canned fruit, chips, bacon, etc.||Thirst|
|Creatine||53 – 130 mmol/L||750 – 1700 mmol/L||High: Not enough dialysis||Itchiness, Poor concentration,
Loss of appetite
|Sodium||133 – 147 mmol/L||133 – 147 mmol/L||High: Salt intake too high||Thirst leads to high intake of fluids and to weight increase
High blood pressure, Shortness of breath
|Phosphates||0.80 – 1.45 mmol/L||1.13 – 1.40 mmol/L||Low: Intake of too much phosphate binders
High: Intake of too little phosphate binders and wrong foodstuffs
|Itchy skin, Increased thyroid hormones due to low calcium|
|Potassium||3.5 – 5.5 mmol/L||4.0 – 6.0 mmol/L||High: wrong diet, Yellow vegetables and fruits||Muscular weakness/pain
|Albumin||35 – 50 g/L||bo 38 g/L||Low: due to illness / eat less to reduce blood levels||Poor appetite, Weight loss, Anorexia|