Blood Values

It is very important that you are aware of your blood values.

General directives are stipulated in the tables included. Your diet plays an important role in controlling your blood values.

With your full cooperation, together with the medical treatment, you can enjoy a high-quality life.



Element Normal Level Dialysis Level Causes of Abnormal Levels Signs and Symptoms
Urea 2.5 – 7.5 mmol/L 14 – 30 mmol/L High: High protein diet, Low blood flow, Wrong size dialyzer Tiredness Nausea, Itchiness Insomnia / Sleeplessness
Calcium 2.1 – 2.55 mmol/L 2.1 – 2.55 mmol/L Low: High intake of food with phosphate binder
High: Medication, removal of the thyroid gland
Low: Muscular spasms, depression, loss of hair, cataracts
High: Muscular weakness, tiredness, cramps, loss of appetite
Chloride 96 – 112 mmol/L 96 – 112 mmol/L Avoid canned fruit, chips, bacon, etc. Thirst
Creatine 53 – 130 mmol/L 750 – 1700 mmol/L High: Not enough dialysis Itchiness, Poor concentration,
Loss of appetite
Sodium 133 – 147 mmol/L 133 – 147 mmol/L High: Salt intake too high Thirst leads to high intake of fluids and to weight increase
High blood pressure, Shortness of breath
Phosphates 0.80 – 1.45 mmol/L 1.13 – 1.40 mmol/L Low: Intake of too much phosphate binders
High: Intake of too little phosphate binders and wrong foodstuffs
Itchy skin, Increased thyroid hormones due to low calcium
Potassium 3.5 – 5.5 mmol/L 4.0 – 6.0 mmol/L High: wrong diet, Yellow vegetables and fruits Muscular weakness/pain
Listlessness, Tiredness
Albumin 35 – 50 g/L bo 38 g/L Low: due to illness / eat less to reduce blood levels Poor appetite, Weight loss, Anorexia